Lower omo valley

The Omo Valley is the most isolated and inaccessible regions of Africa and still be virtually free of human habitation but is rich in palaeo-anthro-pological remains. According to scientific research hominid remains from the Lower Omo Valley probably date back more than four million years.

Omo Valley, named after the majestic Omo River that runs through it, possess the highest concentration of strangely stunning tribes - Arbore, Bume, Galeb, Hamer, Karo, Konso, Mursi, Surma and Tsemay, than anywhere in Africa. All tribes still live the way they have for centuries, some of them numbering tens of thousands, others no more than 500, each one of them culturally unique and visually powerful.

Four of Africa's major linguistic groups are represented by tribes inhabit area of South Omo, including the so-called Omotic-speakers. The most famous of Omotic-speakers are the Mursi, well known for their practice of worn giant clay plates in the lower lips of the women. The larger the plate is the more livestock the bride's family may receive when women gets married. The Mursi number around 5000 people and are nomadic pastoralists.

Hamer tribe is considered the most beautiful among the inhabitants of the Lower Omo because of their gracefulness, eerie body painting and shiny appearance of their hair that they covered using mixture of cow butter and ochre. The Hamar are also well known for their bull-jumping (bullah) - the ceremony, which usually occurs after the autumn harvest, teenage boys are required to repeatedly run over the backs of about a dozen bulls to prove they are ready for adulthood.

Slithly similar to Hamer tribe are Karo, whose cultures and quirks or adornment body scarring, body painting and the like are points of interest. Another tribe, Bume the same as Hamer are agro-pastoralists relying on cattle herding and flood-retreat agriculture. Some of Bume living are specialized crocodile hunters using harpoons from a dugout canoe.
All inhabitans of Omo Valley use their crops and livestock to barter, on the local, weekly markets, for goods such as cloth.

Some of tribes are living in the Omo National Park, the largest in the country, with an area of 4,068 square kilometers. It is a vast expanse of true wilderness, adjacent to the Omo River, which flows southwards into Lake Turkana and is one of the richest and wildlife sanctuaries in eastern Africa. Eland, oryx, Burchell's zebra, Lelwel hartebeest, buffalo, giraffe, elephant, waterbuck, kudu, lion, leopard and cheetah roam within the park's boundaries.